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Major depressive episode

Major depressive episode

Maladaptive daydreaming or excessive daydreaming is a psychological concept which describes an extensive fantasy activity that replaces human interaction and/or interferes with academic, interpersonal, or vocational functioning. It might be related to childhood emotional neglect or abuse that motivates victims to divorce from the threatening world.  Often maladaptive daydreamers will have ‘triggers’ that set off their daydreams. Common triggers are books, movies, music, and even riding in a car.

Maladaptive daydreamers also may have trouble getting out of bed or going to sleep, due to the want to continue daydreaming. Often times while maladaptive daydreamers are daydreaming they will whisper, talk, make facial expressions, or do some sort of repetitive movement.

Diagnosis

The Maladaptive Daydreaming Scale (MDS) is a 14-item self-report instrument designed to gauge abnormal fantasizing. It is a statistically valid and reliable measure of MD that differentiates well between MDers and non-MDers.  Mental health diagnoses are only determined based on clinician-administered structured interviews.  There is no official diagnostic tool has been developed to diagnose MD.

 

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