General Adaptation Syndrome

General adaptation syndrome, or GAS, is a theory that focuses on how one responds to stress. Hungarian endocrinologist, Hans Selye (full name János Hugo Bruno Selye), is responsible for such theory. GAS came about through the study of animals and how they physiologically respond to stress. Causes of General Adaptation Syndrome Physical and psychological stress [...]

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Generalized Anxiety Disorder

Generalized anxiety disorder, or GAD, is a type of anxiety disorder that’s presented with excessive uncontrollable worry. Those who are diagnosed with GAD often present themselves with irrational worry. Causes of Generalized Anxiety Disorder There are a fair wide range of factors that lead to the development of GAD; persistently feeling sad, living in a [...]

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Gender Identity Disorder

Gender identity disorder, or GID, formally describes individuals who experience a substantial amount of discontentment with the sex they were naturally assigned at birth. A person with GID would be significantly displeased of the gender roles that accompany their sex. Causes of Gender Identity Disorder There’s some evidence that points to biological and social factors [...]

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Ganser syndrome

Ganser syndrome is a type of dissociative disorder. Ganser syndrome was previously labeled as a factitious disorder. It’s rare, and is characterized by “nonsensical,” or wrong answers to questions, and performing at things in an incorrect fashion. Ganser syndrome is sometimes referred to as nonsense syndrome, balderdash syndrome, syndrome of approximate answers, pseudodementia, hysterical pseudodementia, [...]

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Folie a deux

Folie a deux, or shared psychosis (“a madness shared by two” in french), is a rare type of psychiatric syndrome where an unaffected (healthy) individual shares the delusional belief symptoms of an affected person. Causes of Folie a deux Although the exact cause of Folie a duex is yet to be determined, there are other [...]

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Factitious Disorder

Factitious disorder is a condition that a person presents themselves with through the belief of being ill. The affected individual would purposely produce, feign, or exaggerate symptoms. Causes of Factitious Disorder One likely cause of Factitious disorder is a possible comorbidity, a personality disorder. A person who desires to be deceitful to authority figures in [...]

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Expressive Language Disorder

Expressive language disorder is a type of communication disorder that presents itself with difficulties in expressing oneself verbally and through writing. Causes of Expressive Language Disorder Research is continuous to determine developmental causes of the disorder. Expressive language disorder can be acquired through brain damage as a result of traumatic head injury, seizures, or other [...]

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Exhibitionism

Exhibitionism involves a person exposing one’s own body parts that are normally not exposed, in a public or semi-public context. It’s classified as a mental disorder in the DSM-IV-TR under “paraphilias.” Causes of Exhibitionism Biological theories suggest that testosterone in men and increased sexual drive in women is more than likely to influence the individual [...]

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Enuresis

Enuresis, or urinary incontinence, refers to the inability to have control over urination. This issue is characterized by a continous inability. The term usually refers to individuals who are at an age where they’re expected to exercise such control. Causes of Enuresis Slower than average physical development and inability to recognize bladder filling during sleep [...]

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Encopresis

Encopresis is where children voluntarily, or involuntarily, soil themselves despite being potty trained. This can occur within adults as well, but is more commonly referred to as fecal leakage, fecal soiling, or fecal seepage, as opposed to Encopresis. Causes of Encopresis Constipation, withholding of stool by reflexes, and various physiological and neurological disorders can cause [...]

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